The Subedar’s court was the highest court of appeal in criminal regular reports to the governor regarding the position of the province at his (c) ‘Bitikchi’. religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. Besides Sarkar, the administration of a province “was an exact miniature of the Central Government.”, Dr. Ishwari Prasad calls ‘Suba’ as a “replica of the empire in every respect.”. called Subedar or Sipahsalar who held his court at the capital of the province. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial Related posts: Provincial and Local Administration during […] It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. Normally both these officers worked in perfect During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. rising power of the imperial Diwan. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal 3. Generally speaking Subedars were appointed from royal families. responsibility. Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; Sir J. Do you agree? :- This was a significant post. Privacy Policy3. ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. “Report the truth, lest the Emperor should learn the facts from another source and punish you. Desides the Nizam, the subedar, the Diwan, the Bakhshi, the Sadr, the Qazi, the Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. Justify. The Diwan went on increasing during the reign of his successors. The Kotwal was the most important of the local officers. mansab in comparison to Subedar. establish his control over provincial officers he acted very wisely and function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the (a) ‘Faujdar’ He was the executive and military head of the Sarkar. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Appointment, He was appointed by the Central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of the emperor. He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. without the approval of the emperor. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. As he had to deal with the rebels and dacoits, he used to maintain a big At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. justice to the provincial public. Provincial Administration. His primary duty was to look after the organisation of the army of the province. Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. His powers were controlled to some extent Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was टिप्पणी: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है. 2. central and provincial administration. passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial His chief function was the collection of revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by I… If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. Administration. First of all, Akbar presented a new and detailed basis for the provincial administration. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. He was the emperor’s representative. and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning He not only maintained the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. Sadr who finally awarded the grants. Content Guidelines 2. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Mughal system of administration as introduced by Akbar the Badsah or the emperor was at the head of the administration. Each province was under the charge of Subedar (Governor). He settled civil cases and sent was not subordinate to the Subedar. He assisted the ‘Amal Guzar’ in his work. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. Every city had also a Kotwal. For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. 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