Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal. In this most beautiful of the world's tombs, the minutest detail has been carefully thought out and executed with tireless precision. Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar, and Jahângîr, his father.His mother was Princess Nûr Jahân, a woman who had taken power over her husband during the last years of his reign, at a time when he had fallen into the grip of drugs. Shah Jahan had three wives. His second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, whom he had married in 1612, died in 1631. The child who would become Shah Jahan was born on March 4, 1592, in Lahore, now in Pakistan.His parents were Prince Jahangir and his wife Manmati, a Rajput princess who was called Bilquis Makani in the Mughal court. She had been the mother of 14 of his 16 children. He had 36 chief wives and 3 chief consorts that included the Empress of Mughal Empire Ruqaiah Sultan, the Empress of Hindustan Hira Kunwari(mother of Prince Salim)… The baby was Jahangir's third son. She had been the mother of 14 of his 16 children. Mumtaz was his 2nd wife although she was the first girl whom he was engaged to. Shah Jahan also had children from his other wives. Later, Shah Jahan wanted to build the most spectacular mausoleum for his wife in Agra. It is said that her body was kept in Agra for over two decades till the completion of Taj Mahal. This angered Shah Jahan’s other sons who rebelled against their brother. He fell ill in 1658, and Dara Shukoh, his eldest son, assumed the role of regent due to Shah Jahan’s inability to manage the court. Early Life . The original tomb of Shah Jahan’s wife Mumtaz is not in Agra, but Burhanpur. The marble dome that surmounts the tomb of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz is … Shah Jahan is said to have spent eight long years of his imprisonment by staring at the tomb of his beloved wife – the marvel that he built in her memory. Some of them may not be royals. Shah Jahan had three wives. While tourists from India as well as from far and wide throng the … In 1612 he married ArjÅ«mand BānÅ« Begum, niece of JahāngÄ«r’s wife NÅ«r Jahān, and became, as Prince Khurram, a member of the influential NÅ«r Grieving emperor who built the Taj Mahal for his late wife by David Johnson In 1612, a teenage girl, Arjumand Banu, married 15-year-old Shah Jahan, ruler of the Mughal Empire. In the first week of January 1666, Shah Jahan once again fell ill and never recovered. Here is list of his 35 wives taken from jehangirnama and other official records. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan finally got married in 1612 and she became the love of his life. He was the third son of the Mughal emperor JahāngÄ«r and the Rajput princess Manmati. His second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, whom he had married in 1612, died in 1631. After their marriage, Shah Jahan gave his new wife the title of Mumtaz Mahal which means the “chosen one of the palace”. Shah Jahan had two wives previously before he married Mumtaz Mahal. The main dome. It was to her memory that the Taj Mahal was built. They were engaged when Mumtaz was 14 and Shah Jahan was 15, after Shah Jahan saw her at meena bazaar so it was basically love at first sight. It was to her memory that the Taj Mahal was built. He had around 300 wives, secondary wives and concubines in total. Shah Jahan met Mumtaz in his childhood, and was engaged to her when he was 14 years old. Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. Death. Biography The early years. 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