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The ship was returning to England after having brought Canadian casualties back to Halifax, Nova Scotia. On 8th May 1915 she set sail from Melbourne with the first contingents of the 21st and 22nd Battalions and 6th Brigade Headquarters. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. Royal Australian Navy. After the war she resumed her refrigerated meat service, sailing between Liverpool and Australia. Background. She was unescorted, and on 8 October 1916 and U-35 torpedoed her in the Mediterranean between Sardinia and Tunisia.Her munitions exploded and she sank in 15 minutes. One of the more controversial events during the Great War was the sinking of the Canadian Hospital Ship Llandovery Castle by a German submarine, U-86, on 27th June, 1918. For the full list of transports used by the 22nd Battalion, see the bottom of this section, plus for a more comprehensive list of the dozens of transports used as troop ships by the AIF during the war, please use the following links: Flotilla Australia Digger History Australian Light Horse Studies Centre The Ascanius was sold in 1949 and renamed the San Giovannio, and was finally scrapped in Italy in July 1952. Survivors were rescued from the water the next day. The Scotian originally sailed the North Atlantic routes from Europe to North America and was brought into war service in September 1914 to help augment the ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, first bringing troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to England. Hospital ships were covered under the Hague Convention X of 1907. My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. Australia's dual loyalty was evident in the name of the volunteer force formed in September 1914, the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). In August 1915 the Scotian was boarded by the 22nd Battalion at Alexandria, en-route to the staging island of Lemnos before heading to Gallipoli. In May 1918 the Kyarra was on route from Tilbury, London to Sydney. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign.  She was operated by the Orient Steamship Navigation Company on the United Kingdom to Australia service. During its sail from Egypt to Gallipoli on the 2nd September 1915 at 9:45am it was torpedoed by the German submarine UB-14 30 nautical miles (56 km) from Lemnos in the Aegean Sea. HMT Southland initially operated as a liner between Antwerp and New York under British registry, but was re-registered in Antwerp in 1903. After the beginning of the First World War, Vaderland was re-registered in Liverpool and converted to a troopship, ferrying troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force from Halifax to Liverpool. While under the operation of White Star–Dominion in 1915, she was renamed Southland to avoid the German-sounding Vaderland. Educational value points. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Built in 1906 by Barclay Curle & Co. Ltd of Glasgow. Built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Ltd., Newcastle in 1906 and owned by the Kedivial Co.. The 1st and 2nd Australian General Hospital medical staff sailed from Brisbane on the 21st November 1914 to Sydney where it set course on 28th November for Egypt. Original data: U.S., WWI Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919. A Miss Campbell, known affectionately to the soldiers as ‘the girl with the flags’, gained fame during the course of the war for the welcome she gave to troop ships passing through Durban, South Africa. All 14 Nursing Sisters on board lost their lives. In Australia in 1914 matters of foreign affairs and declarations of war and peace were within the exclusive province of the British Imperial Government. The Ascanius was re-employed as a troopship in the Second World War. The holds still contain perfume, champagne, stout, red wine, and vinegar bottles. WW1 Points of Interest Combined Battalions Various Photos Australian Troop Ships A - I Tasmania 1915 Queensland 1914 - 1915 2nd Pioneer Battalion FOR KING and EMPIRE South Australians who have Responded to their Country's Call. The hull was painted white with a large red cross on the side. Ancestry.com offers a search engine that may help connect a particular service person with a troopship. Roger W. Jordan, The world’s merchant fleets 1939: the particulars and wartime fates of 6000 ships. The five liners mentioned here were all used at various times as troop ships and as hospital ships, with two being lost to submarine attack. On 6 November 1914 she was requisitioned and converted into a hospital ship (HMAT A.55 Kyarra) for the purpose of transporting Australian medical units to Egypt. This was denied and the Captain and Medical Officer were allowed back into the lifeboat. Built in 1910 by Workman, Clark in Belfast, 10,048 tons, length 150.3 metres, speed 14 knots. Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. Also on board was Lieutenant LW Harricks, Adjutant of the 22nd Battalion, and there are plenty of his personal photographs and other memorabilia from the journey home in his private collection provided by Jennie Marshall. On 13th April 1919 she sailed from Devonport with soldiers of the AIF returning to Australia. Unknown to Captain William Smith German submarine captain Oberleutnant Johann Lohs was watching him through the periscope of UB-57. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or … Australia’s free online research portal. The S.S. Mahana was commonly referred to at the time as the “Bride Boat”, since many of its passengers were newlywed female post-war emigrants and their partners. Built in 1914 in Glasgow for the Union-Castle Line. A hospital ship (HS) is designated for primary function as a medical treatment facility or hospital; most are operated by the military forces or navies of various countries around the world, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. Since its foundation in 1913, the Royal Australian Navy has operated a large number of … With over 6 million British Service Men serving abroad during the Great War, transporting the troops was a considerable undertaking.Recording their movement was a necessity, especially considering the range of their destinations – these records include ports ranging such as … The men were sentenced to 4 years of hard labour, but escaped while underway to the prison. The ship did not sink immediately, and was eventually beached on Lemnos, and all but 40 of 1,400 men were able to leave in lifeboats and were picked up by other transports. The Scotian was finally scrapped in 1927. This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. In September 1915 she was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from the Greek island of Lemnos to Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 31st December 1917, having sailed from Southampton with troops and medical personnel on board, the Osmanieh was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-34 at the entrance to the Alexandria Harbour. OR. Various sources. The two other officers, Ludwig Dithmar and John Boldt were tried and convicted. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. On board were thirteen members of the 5th/22nd that had sailed together from Melbourne on the Osterley four years previous. In July 1916 she was placed on the Northern Patrol and over a six month period intercepted 30 foreign merchantmen which were sent into British ports for searching. Personnel files are the most useful source for researching First World War soldiers, and should be the researcher’s first port of call. 14,499 tons, average cruise speed of 14 knots. The Alexander Turnbull Library and the National Library of New Zealand have significant collections relating to all aspects of New Zealand and New Zealanders during the First World War. The commander, Helmut Patzig could not be found and was never brought to trial. On 8th March 1915 she was commissioned under the British Admiralty and performed mine laying duties along the east coast of Britain in the North Sea. The Kyarra was struck by a torpedo portside amidships, sinking and killing 6 of her 126 crew members.Â. Includes specifications, date of building and builder and some photographs, arranged by name of shipping company. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. We have develope… For the Canadians this was the most significant naval disaster in the war, and given the status of the ship and the medical crew on board was met with outrage. Trove is a collaboration between the National Library of Australia and hundreds of Partner organisations around Australia. The transport ship HMAT Ballarat after the troops had left the ship, subsequent upon being torpedoed on by a German submarine in the English Channel on 25 April 1917. She was carrying 2600 tons general and Australian mails, plus hospital supplies and medical staff and heading first for Devonport to embark 1,000 Australian wounded. They are held by Archives New Zealand, and can usually be located on their Archway database: 1. http://www.archway.archives.govt.nz Archives have digitised these files – view an example here(click on pdf link to download) Personnel files contain a lot of military short-hand and can be hard to understand. Being a Hospital Ship, it was clearly identified as such with a brightly illuminated Red Cross, was unarmed and running with full lights. In the early morning of 26th May 1918, the Kyarra had cleared the Isle of Wight and was moving fast through calm seas around Anvil Point just off Swanage, Dorset. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. In March 1915, Kyarra was converted into a troop transport. On 1st November 1919 she sailed for Brisbane and remained on the mail run until she was decommissioned in 1930. Troops on board HMAT Clan MacGillivray (A46) prior to departure with well-wishers gathered on the wharf holding paper streamers connecting them to the men on the ship. On board was Major General Bridges, Commander of the AIF, and his staff, plus the 5th Infantry Battalion. 11,796 tons, speed 13 knots. Just twenty four people survived the attack on the lifeboats, including six members of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. The name Kyarra was taken from the aboriginal for possum fur. France: Gallia – The troop ship was carrying more than 2,000 French and Serbian troops and a cargo of artillery and ammunition to Greece. She was commissioned as a hospital ship on 26th July 1916, and assigned to the Canadian Forces, equipped with 622 beds and a medical staff of 102. However with most of the U-boat crew now below deck in preparation for diving, orders were given to open fire on the lifeboats to destroy the evidence of the torpedoing. B10303. She described in verse the arrival in 1920 of the last ship to Australia, the Shropshire. The P&O General Cargo division was formed in 1971 to operate all subsidiary companies cargo ships as one fleet. In 1949 she was chartered by the Ministry of Food for use as a cold storage unit before being scrapped at Dalmuir in 1953. Launched in 1913, the Ulysses was the largest ship to serve as a troop carrier, and was leased by the Commonwealth until 15th August 1917. The New Zealand Defence Force Archives provides a useful information sheet to h… An Australian Infantry Battalion in the First World War. Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. The Ulysses also sailed between Australia and England during the Second World War, again ferrying Australian troops and airmen to the front. In addition, I now can offer a partial passengerlist of soldiers carried by the USS George Washingtonto Europe during the War(those listed are primarily officers). The wreck was not discovered until the late 1960’s. The Troopship Demosthenes about to leave the wharf are with Troops bound for the Front.  During the First World War the Osterley was used as a troop ship by the AIF, and on 29th September 1915 conveyed the 5th/22nd Battalion to Egypt. I came across two excellent resources while researching the story behind a soldier from Victoria, BC and I thought I’d share them with you. 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